Generic Name and Formulations:
Hydrocodone bitartrate 20mg, 30mg, 40mg, 60mg, 80mg, 100mg, 120mg; ext-rel tabs.
Purdue Pharma L.P.
Management of pain severe enough to require daily, around-the-clock, long-term opioid treatment and for which alternative treatment options are inadequate.
Reserve for use in patients for whom alternative treatments (eg, non-opioid analgesics or immediate-release opioids) are ineffective, not tolerated, or inadequate to manage pain. Not indicated as an as-needed (prn) analgesic.
Use lowest effective dose for shortest duration. Swallow whole. Individualize. Opioid-naïve or opioid non-tolerant: initially 20mg every 24hrs. May increase dose in increments of 10–20mg every 3–5 days as needed. ≥80mg: for use in opioid-tolerant patients only. Conversion from other opioids: see full labeling. Severe hepatic impairment, moderate-to-severe renal impairment, or ESRD: initiate with ½ the initial dose. Concomitant use or discontinuation of CYP3A4 inhibitors or inducers: monitor closely and consider dose adjustments (see full labeling). Withdraw gradually by 25–50% every 2–4 days.
Significant respiratory depression. Acute or severe bronchial asthma in an unmonitored setting or in the absence of resuscitative equipment. Known or suspected GI obstruction, including paralytic ileus.
Life-threatening respiratory depression; monitor within first 24–72hrs of initiating therapy and following dose increases. Accidental exposure may cause fatal overdose (esp. in children). COPD, cor pulmonale, decreased respiratory reserve, hypoxia, hypercapnia, or pre-existing respiratory depression; monitor and consider non-opioid analgesics. Abuse potential (monitor). Adrenal insufficiency. Head injury. Increased intracranial pressure, brain tumors; monitor. Seizure disorders. CNS depression. Impaired consciousness, coma, shock; avoid. Risk of QT prolongation; consider dose reduction or use alternatives if develops; avoid in congenital long QT syndrome. Difficulty swallowing or at risk for underlying GI disorders (eg, esophageal or colon cancer): consider other analgesics. Biliary tract disease. Acute pancreatitis. Drug abusers. Renal or hepatic impairment. Reevaluate periodically. Avoid abrupt cessation. Elderly. Cachectic. Debilitated. Pregnancy; potential neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome during prolonged use. Labor & delivery, nursing mothers: not recommended.
Increased risk of hypotension, respiratory depression, sedation with benzodiazepines or other CNS depressants (eg, non-benzodiazepine sedatives/hypnotics, anxiolytics, general anesthetics, phenothiazines, tranquilizers, muscle relaxants, antipsychotics, alcohol, other opioids); reserve concomitant use in those for whom alternative options are inadequate; limit dosages/durations to minimum required; monitor. During or within 14 days of MAOIs: not recommended. Risk of serotonin syndrome with serotonergic drugs (eg, SSRIs, SNRIs, TCAs, triptans, 5-HT3 antagonists, mirtazapine, trazodone, tramadol, MAOIs, linezolid, IV methylene blue); monitor and discontinue if suspected. Avoid concomitant mixed agonist/antagonist opioids (eg, butorphanol, nalbuphine, pentazocine) or partial agonist (eg, buprenorphine); may reduce effects and precipitate withdrawal symptoms. Potentiated by CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, macrolides, azole antifungals, protease inhibitors). Antagonized by CYP3A4 inducers (eg, rifampin, carbamazepine, phenytoin). May antagonize diuretics; monitor. Paralytic ileus may occur with anticholinergics. Concomitant strong laxatives (eg, lactulose); monitor.
Constipation, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, upper respiratory tract infection, dizziness, headache, somnolence; respiratory depression, severe hypotension, syncope.
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