Generic Name and Formulations:
Melphalan HCl 50mg/vial; lyophilized pwd; for IV infusion after reconstitution.
Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
High-dose conditioning treatment prior to hematopoietic progenitor (stem) cell transplantation in patients with multiple myeloma. Palliative treatment of multiple myeloma when oral therapy is not appropriate.
Give prophylactic antiemetics. Conditioning treatment: Give by IV infusion over 30 minutes. 100mg/m2 daily for 2 consecutive days (Days -3 and -2) prior to transplantation (Day 0). If patient weighs >130% of their ideal body weight, use adjusted ideal body weight. Palliative treatment: Give by IV infusion over 15–20 minutes. 16mg/m2 as a single infusion at 2-week intervals for 4 doses, then at 4-week intervals after recovery from toxicity. Renal impairment (BUN ≥30mg/dL): consider up to 50% dose reduction for palliative treatment.
Prior irradiation or chemotherapy. Severe bone marrow suppression. Monitor CBCs during treatment; provide supportive care for infections, anemia, thrombocytopenia until adequate recovery. GI toxicity; provide supportive care. Monitor LFTs. Renal impairment. Embryo-fetal toxicity; use effective contraception during and after treatment. Pregnancy, nursing mothers: not recommended.
Caution with cyclosporine, BCNU, nalidixic acid.
Decreased neutrophil, WBC, lymphocyte, and platelet counts, diarrhea, nausea, fatigue, hypokalemia, anemia, vomiting; hypersensitivity reactions, hepatic disorders, secondary malignancies, infertility.
Single-dose vial (20mL)—1
Join MIMS Learning now to manage all your CPD and notes in one place!
Already a MIMS Learning member?Sign In Now »
Fever in adults can have potentially serious causes, ranging from sepsis to malignancy. Dr Pipin Singh...
In this article Dr Pipin Singh advises on how to identify red flags in patients presenting with bone...
Dr Matthew West covers the red flags to look out for in pregnancy, including back pain, bleeding, headaches...
This article, updated in 2016 by Dr Anthony De Soyza, advises on causes, investigations and managing...
Dr Keith Barnard discusses the aetiology and symptoms of Brugada syndrome. Key learning points for GPs...
Dr Kirsty Le Doare and Dr Nuria Martinez-Alier describe the signs and symptoms of measles and outline...