Generic Name and Formulations:
Clevidipine butyrate emulsion 0.5mg/mL; soln for IV infusion; contains lipids 0.2g/mL (soybean oil, egg phospholipids).
The Medicines Company
To reduce blood pressure when oral therapy is not feasible or desirable.
≥18yrs: Individualize; titrate. Give by IV infusion. Initially 1–2mg/hr; double dose at 90sec intervals until BP approaches goal, then titrate slower (adjust at 5–10min intervals). Dose increases of 1–2mg/hr results in systolic BP lowering of about 2–4mmHg. Maintenance: 4–6mg/hr; usual max 16–32mg/hr. Do not exceed 1000mL (21mg/hr for 24hrs) due to lipid load. Switch to oral therapy when indicated.
<18yrs: not recommended.
Egg or soy allergy. Defective lipid metabolism (eg, pathologic hyperlipemia, lipoid nephrosis, acute pancreatitis with hyperlipidemia). Severe aortic stenosis.
Maintain aseptic technique. Monitor BP and pulse during infusion and until stabilized. Heart failure (monitor). Monitor for rebound hypertension for at least 8hrs after stopping infusion (if not given other antihypertensives after prolonged infusion). Avoid abrupt cessation of any β-blocker treatment. Pheochromocytoma. Labor & delivery. Pregnancy (Cat.C). Nursing mothers.
Calcium channel blocker (CCB) (dihydropyridine).
Headache, nausea, vomiting; hypotension, reflex tachycardia (slow infusion if occurs, do not use beta-blocker); rare: myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, syncope, dyspnea.
Single-use vials—50mL, 100mL
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