This site is intended for healthcare professionals

ADD THIS DRUG TO MY LIST

Select the drug indication to add to your list

BIAXIN XL
Bacterial infections
Compare To Related Drugs
View/Edit/Compare Drugs In My List

Only 4 drugs may be compared at once

Drug Name:

BIAXIN XL Rx

Generic Name and Formulations:
Clarithromycin 500mg; ext-rel tabs.

Company:
AbbVie

Therapeutic Use:

Indications for BIAXIN XL:

Mild to moderate susceptible acute maxillary sinusitis, acute bacterial exacerbation of chronic bronchitis, community-acquired pneumonia.

Adult:

Swallow whole. Take with food. 1g once daily. Sinusitis: for 14 days. Bronchitis, pneumonia: for 7 days. Severe renal impairment (CrCl <30mL/min): reduce clarithromycin dose by ½. When moderate or severe renal impairment and concomitant atazanavir or ritonavir: reduce clarithromycin dose by ½ (CrCl 30–60mL/min) or ¾ (CrCl <30mL/min).

Children:

Not established.

Contraindications:

Concomitant cisapride, pimozide, ergots, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors extensively metabolized by CYP3A4 (lovastatin or simvastatin). Concomitant colchicine (in renal or hepatic impairment). Cholestatic jaundice/hepatic dysfunction with prior clarithromycin use.

Warnings/Precautions:

Discontinue immediately if hepatitis or severe hypersensitivity reactions occur. Avoid in known QT prolongation, ventricular cardiac arrhythmia (including torsades de pointes), proarrhythmic conditions (eg, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, bradycardia). Coronary artery disease. Myasthenia gravis. Severe renal impairment. Elderly. Pregnancy (Cat.C): not recommended (except when no alternative drugs exist). Nursing mothers.

Interactions:

See Contraindications. Class IA (disopyramide, quinidine, procainamide) or Class III (dofetilide, amiodarone, sotalol) antiarrhythmics, or other drugs known to prolong QT interval: not recommended. Sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil: not recommended. Antagonized by CYP3A inducers (eg, efavirenz, nevirapine, rifampicin, rifabutin, rifapentine, etravirine); use alternative antibacterial treatment. Doses >1000mg/day should not be coadministered with protease inhibitors. Separate zidovudine dose by at least 2hrs. Potentiated by CYP3A inhibitors (eg, itraconazole, saquinavir, atazanavir, ritonavir). Concomitant atazanavir: see Adults; consider alternative antibacterial therapy for indications other than MAC. May potentiate theophylline, omeprazole, phenytoin, digoxin, midazolam, alprazolam, triazolam, cyclosporine, hexobarbital, tacrolimus, alfentanil, bromocriptine, valproate, carbamazepine, tolterodine, itraconazole, methylprednisolone, cilostazol, vinblastine, quetiapine, maraviroc; monitor these and other drugs metabolized by CYP3A. Myopathy/rhabdomyolysis with statins; max 20mg atorvastatin/day, 40mg pravastatin/day; consider use of statin not dependent on CYP3A metabolism (eg, fluvastatin). Reduce colchicine dose if coadministration is necessary. Hypoglycemia with oral hypoglycemics/insulin; carefully monitor glucose. Oral anticoagulants: frequently monitor INR and prothrombin times. Hypotension with calcium channel blockers metabolized by CYP3A4 (eg, verapamil, amlodipine, diltiazem, nifedipine).

See Also:

BIAXIN

BIAXIN ORAL SUSPENSION

Pharmacological Class:

Macrolide.

Adverse Reactions:

Abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dysguesia; hepatotoxicity, QT prolongation, C. difficile associated diarrhea, hypersensitivity reactions.

Metabolism:

Hepatic.

Elimination:

Renal.

Generic Availability:

XL, tabs (YES); susp (NO)

How Supplied:

XL tabs, tabs—60; Biaxin XL-Pac (14 x 500mg XL tabs)—4; Susp—50mL, 100mL

Join MIMS Learning now to manage all your CPD and notes in one place!

By registering you agree with our Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy.


Already a MIMS Learning member?

Sign In Now »
Red flag CPD modules
0.50 Credits
Red flags

Fever in adults - red flag symptomsExternal web site

Fever in adults can have potentially serious causes, ranging from sepsis to malignancy. Dr Pipin Singh...

0.50 Credits
Red flags

Bone pain - red flag symptomsExternal web site

In this article Dr Pipin Singh advises on how to identify red flags in patients presenting with bone...

0.50 Credits
Red flags

Pregnancy - red flag symptomsExternal web site

Dr Matthew West covers the red flags to look out for in pregnancy, including back pain, bleeding, headaches...

Font Awesome Icons
View more
Clinical review CPD modules
1.50 Credits
Clinical Review

Bronchiectasis: clinical reviewExternal web site

This article, updated in 2016 by Dr Anthony De Soyza, advises on causes, investigations and managing...

1.50 Credits
Clinical Review

Brugada syndrome: clinical reviewExternal web site

Dr Keith Barnard discusses the aetiology and symptoms of Brugada syndrome. Key learning points for GPs...

1.50 Credits
Clinical Review

Measles: clinical reviewExternal web site

Dr Kirsty Le Doare and Dr Nuria Martinez-Alier describe the signs and symptoms of measles and outline...

Font Awesome Icons
View more

is free, fast, and customized just for you!

Already a member?

Sign In Now »